I don’t know how to handle this Biology question and need guidance.
This assignment consists of two questions. Each of your responses should be one or more paragraphs long, depending upon the depth of the question. An answer consisting of only a few short sentences is insufficient, and will receive a poor grade. Please include references where appropriate.
- Distinguish between gene mutations and chromosomal mutations. In your own words, describe the following three types of gene mutations: insertion, deletion, and base substitution. Give a specific example of each type and describe in detail how the DNA is altered in each case. What are the phenotypic ramifications of each of these small gene mutations?.
- Explain the terms haploid, diploid, and polyploid. Why is polyploidy so much more common in plants than in animals? Give examples of polyploid animals. Polyploid plants may occur naturally or they may be created intentionally by agricultural scientists. List four examples of polyploid commercial crops and explain why they are superior to their diploid ancestors.